When it comes to cancer and viruses, Kamal Jayasing Ranadive (née Samarath; November 8, 1917 – April 11, 2001) is a notable Indian biomedical researcher. The Indian Women Scientists’ Association was founded by her (IWSA). At Mumbai’s Indian Cancer Research Centre, she founded India’s first tissue culture research facility in the 1960s.
|Real Name||Dr Kamal Jayasing Ranadive|
|Profession||Indian biomedical researcher|
|Famous For||Pioneering cancer research|
|Husband/Boyfriend Name||Jayasing Trimbak Ranadive|
|Age||83 Years Died|
|Shoe Size||7 US|
|Date of Birth||8th November 1917|
|Date Of Death||11 April 2001|
|Birth Place||Poona, Bombay presidency, British India|
|School Name||H.H.C.P. High School|
|College Name||Fergusson College|
|Father Name||Dinkar Dattatreya Samarath|
|Mother Name||Shantabai Dinkar Samarath|
|Children Name||Anil Jayasinghe|
|Income Source||Indian biomedical researcher|
|Appear As||Indian biomedical researcher|
|Net Worth, Salary||Not Known|
Ranadive was born on November 8th, 1917, in Pune, Maharashtra. Dinkar Dattatreya Samarath and Shantabai Dintabai Samarath were her parents of her. Her father was a scientist at Fergusson College in Pune, where he taught for many years.
Biologist Dr. Kamal Ranadive conducted groundbreaking cancer research & provided key support to women in STEM#DidYouKnow? Dr. Ranadive was among the 1st in India to find a link between breast cancer & heredity#GoogleDoodle 🎨 by Ibrahim Rayintakath → https://t.co/XmUmiD9zNU pic.twitter.com/hAvA5F4Sm3
— Google Doodles (@GoogleDoodles) November 8, 2021
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He took steps to secure the academic success of all of his children. Ranadive excelled academically. She attended the H. H. C. P. High School at the Huzurpaga. Despite her father’s wishes, she chose not to follow in his footsteps and instead pursue a career in the medical field.
While attending Fergusson College, she concentrated on Botany and Zoology as her main courses of study. In 1934, she received her Bachelor of Science degree (B.Sc.) with honors. When she finished her undergraduate studies, she transferred to the Agriculture College in Pune, India, where she earned her master’s degree (M.Sc.) in 1943 in cytogenetics of Annonaceae.
On May 13, 1939, she married mathematician J. T. Ranadive and relocated to Bombay. Anil Jaysingh was the name of their kid. She worked at the Tata Memorial Hospital in Bombay (now known as Mumbai). In her postgraduate studies in Cytology, which her father had selected, Ranadive, her husband was a huge assistance.
Her doctoral degree (Doctor of Philosophy) was earned at Bombay University while she was in India. Khanolkar, a renowned pathologist and the founder of the Indian Cancer Research Centre, was her mentor (ICRC). Dr. Khanolkar urged her to apply for an American fellowship when she obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Bombay in 1949.
Tissue culture techniques and working with George Gey, the inventor of the HeLa cell line, were the goals of her postdoctoral research position at John Hopkins University in Baltimore.
At the ICRC she was promoted to the position of Senior Research Officer upon her return to India. The Experimental Biology Laboratory and the Tissue Culture Laboratory were founded in her honor in Bombay. She served as acting director of the Indian Cancer Research Center from 1966 until 1970.
In the early 1960s, she produced tissue culture media and related reagents with her biologists and chemists helpers (whom she had brought into ICRC). Carcinogenesis, cell biology, and immunology were all-new study areas that she established.
Research into cancer pathophysiology through the medium of animals led to a greater understanding of the causes of diseases such as leukemia, breast cancer, and esophageal cancer. In addition, researchers were able to establish a link between cancer susceptibility, hormones, and tumor viruses.
After studying the germs that cause leprosy, she developed a leprosy vaccination. A major source of motivation for Indian women scientists working on cancer research, she devoted most of her career to studying the disease’s effects on females as well as children. Projects like “Immunohematology of Tribal Blood,” a study of babies, were one such example.
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“Comparative morphology of normal mammary glands of four strains of mice varied in their susceptibility to breast cancer” was Ranadive’s work in pathology at the Tata Memorial Cancer Hospital in Bombay (which later became Cancer Research Centre).
In February of 1945, she published a paper on breast cancer research that had gotten a lot of press. She looked for links between the progression of the disease and such things as genetics, having children, histological structure, and others.
She paid special attention to malignancies of hereditary origin in youngsters and abnormal blood conditions known as dyscrasias. In 1989, Ranadive and her team from Ahmednagar’s Satya Niketan (a non-profit organization) collected data on the nutritional status of tribal children in the Akola taluk of Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra. This was a significant study.
Additionally, Ranadive gave health and medical guidance to rural women in Rajpur and Ahmednagar through government-sponsored projects under the Indian Women’s Association.
Honors & Awards
- For his contributions to medicine, Ranadive received the Padma Bhushan (India’s third highest civilian honor) in 1982.
- Medical Council of India’s inaugural Silver Jubilee Research Award was given to her in 1964. There was a gold medal and $15,000 in cash given out as part of this award.
- The G. J. Watumull Foundation Prize in Microbiology was also given to her in 1964.
- At the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), she served as an Emeritus Medical Scientist (ICMR).
- On her 104th birthday, November 8th, 2021, Google created a Doodle in her honor.
Papers Published By Him
- On cancer and leprosy, Ranadive has authored more than 200 scientific research studies.
- Betel quid eating and mouth cancer in hamsters: experimental research Urethan’s Effect on Nucleic Acids
- In male ICRC strain mice, splenectomy had a significant impact on leukemia development.
- The ICRC mouse mammary tumor virus was characterized.