In spite of the fact that this week commemorates the 73rd anniversary of the fascist leader’s execution, many mysteries surround Mussolini’s untimely demise and his assassin’s identity. The official versions of events are contradictory since they are based on the biased testimonies of many individuals. Everyone knows that Giulino di Mezzegra, a small town on the shores of Lake Como, is where Italy’s most famous son and his mistress Clara Petacci met their untimely ends.
“If your destiny is to be shot dead with your mistress, where better than Lake Como, which,” writes Nicholas Farrell of The Spectator, “exceeds anything I ever witnessed in beauty, with the exception of the Arbutus Islands in Killarney” How, therefore, did Mussolini come to be at the site of his own execution? In this article, we will discuss how did Mussolini die and many more things related to it.
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How Did Mussolini Die Background To His Death
Since 1922, Mussolini dominated Italy as the fascist leader known as Il Duce (“Leader”). In June of 1940, he led his country into the Second World War on the side of Nazi Germany, but the country’s military suffered a string of defeats at the hands of the Allies in North Africa.
In the fall of 1943, with the Allies advancing from the south and an increasingly brutal internal battle with Italian partisans, Mussolini was reduced to leading a German puppet state in northern Italy. After it became apparent that the Allies and anti-fascists were about to win, Mussolini and Petacci fled to the Swiss border on Friday, April 27, 1945, with the help of a German convoy.
However, the caravan was intercepted by anti-fascist partisans who had been informed of the route and planned to ambush them in the town of Dongo, close to Lake Como, within hours. You can only guess how shocked everyone was to discover his body. Professor David Kertzer, whose book The Pope and Mussolini won the Pulitzer Prize, said of the Vatican that “they had no notion what to do with him.” This was reported in Foreign Policy. According to History.com, “the partisans concealed the two in a distant farmhouse for the night” because they were afraid the Nazis would try to free the dictator again. As everyone is interested to know how did Mussolini die?
What Happened On The Day Of His Execution?
Both Mussolini and Petacci were kidnapped the following day and transported to the adjacent town of Giuliano di Mezzegra. Both were machine-gunned to death while standing in front of a stone wall at the entrance to a manor house known as Villa Belmonte.
Historians are still debating who pulled the trigger, but many believe it was Communist Partisan Commander Walter Audisio. After their deaths, the two remains were transported to Milan and displayed in Piazzale Loreto, together with those of other slain fascist leaders. Reg Ingraham, a reporter for Time magazine who was present, later called the event “one of history’s raw spectacles.”
The crowd “surge[d] and sway[ed]” around the scene, Ingraham described. It was a woman who shot Il Duce dead. She yelled, “Five shots!” as she drew her gun. Say it with me: “Five bullets for my five slain sons!” Others wailed, “He died way too soon!” He deserved to be hurt! Many people’s animosity, though, was expressed in silence. They were reduced to spitting. how did mussolini die.
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What Effect Did Mussolini’s Death Have On The War?
In 1945, the Allied nations welcomed Mussolini’s death as proof that the war was nearing its end; VE Day was celebrated less than two weeks later, on May 8. According to The New York Times, “Benito Mussolini’s tragic demise puts a fitting finale to a horrible life.”
The first of the fascist dictators, the man who once boasted that he was going to restore the glories of Ancient Rome, was shot to death by a firing squad along with his mistress and a handful of fascist leaders, and his body is now lying in a public square in Milan, where a howling mob is cursing and kicking and spitting on his remains. According to Foreign Policy, Hitler learned of Mussolini’s “public, humiliating death”
the day after it occurred by radio, while the German leader was holed up in the Fuhrerbunker beneath Berlin for two weeks due to the advancing Soviet forces. New evidence suggests that Hitler’s choice to end his life rather than be captured by advancing forces was motivated by Mussolini’s death. Hugh Trevor-Roper, the author of The Last Days of Hitler, disagrees, writing that Hitler’s “already solid decision” was not likely influenced by the news from Italy.
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